Who are hackers and for what purpose do they commit hacking? The motives for hacking may be different. Below are the most common of them.
The main motive is often financial gain. Attackers can earn money by stealing passwords, gaining access to bank information or credit card data, stealing data for ransom demands or selling them to other attackers on the darknet.
Sometimes the goal of intruders is to steal trade secrets from competing companies. Corporate espionage is hacking in order to gain access to classified data or intellectual property in order to achieve competitive advantages.
States may use the services of intruders for political purposes, such as stealing classified data, interfering in elections, accessing government or military documents, or attempting to cause political unrest.
Sometimes attackers are driven by anger – the desire to take revenge on people or companies that, in their opinion, have caused them any harm.
Hacking can be a form of civil disobedience. Some hackers use their skills to promote a certain political program or social movement.
One of the motives of hackers may be the struggle for recognition and satisfaction from achieving goals, that is, from “hacking the system”. Hackers can compete by challenging each other and getting recognition for their achievements, and social networks allow them to brag about their successes.
Strengthening the security system
Not all hacking cases are malicious. There is a type of hacking that helps to improve the protection of systems. For example, penetration testing is conducted to check for vulnerabilities in order to increase security for all users. This type of hacking is considered ethical.